Nepal Travel Guide

Nepal Travel Guide

Useful Information:

The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Area:  1,47,181 sq km

Elevation: 60m to 8,848m above the sea level

Natural divisions: Terai region (Plains), Elevated Flatlands and Hills and Mountain region

Capital: Kathmandu

Population: 27 million (more than 91 ethnic groups and 70 different languages)

Language: Nepali (native as well as official) and English

Currency: Rupees

The national flower, bird, and animal: Rhododendron, Lophophorous (Danphe), and Cow

Neighboring countries: Republic of India (east, south, west) and Peoples’ Republic of China (north)

Popular tourist destinations: Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur, Pokhara, Lumbini, Chitwan, Janakpur, and Gorkha

Destinations listed under UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Lumbini, Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park.

Mountains: 8 out of the world’s 10 tallest mountains including Mt. Everest. 240 peaks over 20,000ft

Best travel seasons: Spring (March, April, May) and Autumn (September, October, November) are the best seasons; however, Nepal can be traveled any time of the year.

Climate: The climate of Nepal varies according to the elevation. The humid, tropical Terai receives the most monsoonal rain and records the country’s highest temperature. The lower hills (900-2,700 meters), including Kathmandu Valley, are sub-tropical, with hot summers and moderate winters with only the occasional frost. The higher hills (2,700-4,000 meters) are temperate as the hills get plenty of rain, fog, and frost. Above 4,000 meters, the mountains have a cooler, drier alpine climate and daily temperatures vary wildly depending on sunshine, wind, and altitude.

Flora: 6,000 species of plants (out of which 245 species are only found in Nepal), 118 ecosystems, 75 vegetation, 35 forest types, 319 species of orchid, 50 different species of grasses, 30 species of Rhododendron

Fauna: Over 500 species of butterflies, 850 species of birds,185 species of mammals

Communication Facilities:

Postal, Freight and Cargo Services:

The Central Post office is located in Kathmandu near Dharahara Tower. It is open Monday to Friday. The opening and closing times from Monday to Thursday are 10:00 am and 5:00 pm respectively; however, on Friday the office is closed after 3:00 pm. Stamps, aerograms, and postcards can be purchased from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm. You can enjoy the services like registration and insurance of mail and packages and IRCs exchange. Large parcels are handled by the Foreign Post Office, which is open Monday to Friday 9:00 am to 5:00 pm. Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at GPO and at Thamel, Bashantapur, and airport postal counters. Postal counters are also situated at the airport in Kathmandu.

Telephone Services:

Both landline and mobile phone services are available in Nepal. Nepal Telecommunication Corporation located at Tripureshwor is a national service provider that provides telephone, fax, telex, STD, ISD, and telegraph services. Some private sectors also provide telephone services. Network coverage is good throughout Nepal except in some rural Himalayan places. Almost all the hotels and private communication sectors provide long-distance telephone and fax facilities. During your stay in Nepal, you can buy and use a local SIM card, which is a prepaid phone card (requires 2 passport-size photos and a passport visa copy to purchase the SIM).

The country code for Nepal is 00977 and the area code of Kathmandu is 01. For other inquiries regarding the telephone number 197 can be used. Long-distance call rates can be quite expensive, therefore, it is best to use an Internet phone. Internet phones are easily accessible in the major cities of Nepal.

Internet Services:

Email and Internet services are very popular in the country these days. All you need to do is buy a SIM card and load data on it.  Most of the hotels in the major cities of Nepal provide free wifi service for the convenience of their guests. In the Everest region, there are Everest link wifi available. This can be purchased in Namche.

Medical Facilities:

It is very easy to find a hospital or a private clinic in the Kathmandu Valley. Nepal’s top general hospitals and private clinics are located in Kathmandu. These hospitals and private clinics provide top-quality service. Other major cities also have a good number of general hospitals. However, in the rural areas of Nepal, health posts have been set up by the government to provide health and medical facilities for both locals and visitors. All kinds of medicines are available in Kathmandu. 

For the reduction of deaths among trekkers, an association named Himalayan Rescue Association (HRA) was founded in the year 1973. The head office of HRA is located in Lazimpat near the north gate of the Palace Museum. During peak season, it operates aid posts in Pheriche (Khumbu region) and Manang (Annapurna region) managed by expatriate physicians. However, its main job is to provide free advice to trekkers on altitude sickness, equipment, and the condition of trekking routes.

Travel Insurance:

If you are planning this trip in Nepal, a travel insurance policy covers all the added expenses that might result due to various health issues, injuries, or accidents. Moreover, it should also cover death, misplaced luggage, theft and liability, cancellations, medical treatment (including hospital charges, cost of medicine, and doctor’s fees) as well as repatriation costs.  It is also necessary to ensure that the insurance policy covers all extra activities that you are planning to accomplish throughout your stay in Nepal. 

Food and Accommodation:

We always make sure that our customers get the right value for their money. Therefore, we always attempt to make some of the best arrangements for our customers. To ensure a comfortable stay, we book a three-star standard hotel in Kathmandu, before and after your trip. But we are always happy to upgrade it to 4 stars and 5 stars on request. Normally, the rooms are twin shared, where you will have to share your room with another member of your group. However, this depends on the size of your group and the availability of rooms in the hotel. On request, a triple share can also be arranged. However, extra charges will be applicable for a single supplement. Breakfasts are provided in Kathmandu. 

In Pokhara, your accommodation is arranged in a 3-star standard hotel, while in Chitwan a 4-star standard lodge is booked for you. These accommodations provide all the basic amenities. Full board meal (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner, Tea/Coffee) is provided during the trek. Usually, breakfast and dinner are provided in the accommodation itself and lunch is ordered from local restaurants along the way. Both, typical Nepali and Western food will be served during the trip, depending upon your choice. 

Vaccination and Medicines:

Although you will be consulting your doctor before planning the trip, we highly recommend you get a few vaccinations like Hepatitis A, Japanese Encephalitis, Polio, Rabies, Tetanus, Typhoid, and Malaria before planning your trip to Nepal.

Moreover, we also recommend you are to carry a few medicines like Aspirin or Panadol –for pain and fever; Antihistamine – as a decongestant for cold allergies and to prevent motion sickness; Antibiotics, Kaolin preparation (Pepto-Bismol), Imodium or Lomotil – for upset stomach; Rehydration mixture- for the treatment of severe diarrhea; Antiseptic, Mercurochrome and antibiotic powder or similar dry spray – for cuts and grazes; Calamine lotion for irritation from bites or stings; bandages, band-aids, a pair of scissors, tweezers - for minor injuries; insect repellent, sun block lotion, lip balms, water purification tablets, throat lozenges, moleskin, Sulamyd 10% eye drops, and Acetaminophen (Paracetamol, Antacid tablets) in your first aid kit. 

Why choose Trek Ways Nepal as your next travel partner?

Trek Ways Nepal Pvt. Ltd presents a wonderful opportunity to help you visit those areas, cultures,s, and traditions of Nepal that have seldom been explored before. The trip itineraries are fully customized to meet each customer’s requirements, needs, and interests. We also partner with local people to help you explore more unseen places of the region you choose to travel to. We are highly dedicated and offer years of experience to plan an outstanding adventure trip for you.

Nevertheless, customer service is our top priority, therefore, we cater to every possible need of yours during your stay in Nepal, be it the food, accommodation, varied destination, or your communication needs. We highly believe in responsible tourism and also dedicate our service to the development and betterment of the community.  Despite all these facilities, our best packages are offered at very competitive rates and special group discounts.

When should you plan this trip?

This trip to Nepal can be planned at any time of the year. However, the best season to plan this trip is either spring (March-May) or Autumn (September-December). These seasons support us with the best weather, climate, and better visibility.

What should you wear?

From May through October, lightweight clothing is recommended; however, warm garments are required if you are planning your trip sometime between October and March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must during the rainy season (June-August).

Our legal documents:

Registered under the government of Nepal, Trek Ways Nepal is a fully licensed and certified company. Therefore, this company holds complete authority to operate treks, tours, expeditions, hiking, and many other tourism-related services in Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan. In addition to this, we are also a very active member of the following organizations.

Nepal Tourism Board (NTB)

Trekking Agents Association of Nepal (TAAN)

Ministry of Finance, Department of Taxation

Company Registration Office, Pvt. Ltd.

Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, Department of Tourism Industry

Passport and Visa Information:

It is very easy to obtain Nepal’s visa. You may either apply for a visa at your nearest Nepalese Embassy/Consulate or Mission offices in your own country or you can buy this upon your arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu. Here is a link to open for apply visa online so you do not have to be in a long que during the main season. To apply for a visa, you need 2 passport-size photographs, Visa fees in US dollars, and your passport that is valid for at least 6 months before the trip. A transit visa for foreign nationalities is only provided for 3 days. Therefore, the visa is required for longer stays. However, for the convenience of foreign nationals, a visa is also provided from the borders listed below:

Tribhuvan International Airport (Kathmandu)

Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)

Birgunj, Parsa (Central Nepal)

Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border of Nepal)

Belhiya, Bhairahawa (Western Nepal)

Jamuna, Nepalgunj (Mid Western Nepal)

Mohana, Dhangadhi (Far Western Nepal)

Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Far Western Nepal)

Please, follow these simple procedures for a Tourist Visa on Arrival at the airport (TIA) if you have not acquired a Visa before boarding the plane.

1st Step

Fill in ' Arrival Card '

Fill in the Online ‘Tourist Visa ‘form (you can fill it up before your arrival using the provided link above / fill it up using Kiosk machines upon your arrival at the airport).  If you fill it out from the website, you will get a submission Receipt with a barcode, please print it out and bring it along to acquire a visa. It works for fifteen days and becomes invalid then after.  If so, you will have to fill it up again.

2nd  Step

Make payment at the bank according to your visa requirement ( 15/30/90 Days)

Get the receipt

While you can use different modes of payment (at the visa fees collection counter), we advise you to carry some cash to be on the safe side.

On-Arrival Visa Fee at Entry Points

15 Days – 30 USD

30 Days – 50 USD

90 Days – 125 USD


3rd Step 

Proceed to the Immigration Desk with your online form, payment receipts, and your passport

Hand in your documents to the immigration officer for visa processing. He/she issues a visa to you upon his/her satisfaction.

(For more information, please contact the Department of Immigration, Maitighar, Kathmandu.

Tel: 00977-1 4221996/4223590/4222453. You can also download the visa form from –



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